Online scams are frustrating and scary. They’re also common. If you haven’t fallen for a scam, you’ve probably seen one on your email, phone, or computer. Even tech-savvy users can be confused by online scams and fraud. Falling for a scam is embarrassing and can result in identity theft, computer viruses, and other headaches. But scams, even sophisticated ones, can be avoided. A few simple actions can reduce panic to keep you and your computer safe.